Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Building Construction Regulation

That the facts show many accidents happened, because the supervision of safety and health in building construction works has not been carried out as it should be, so that it is necessary to promote labor protection standards. That the advancement of development in the use of modern technology should be coupled with the promotion of safety and health to workers or other persons who are present in the workplaces.

That as an implementing regulation of Act No. 1 of 1970 on Occupational Safety Law it is considered necessary to determine provisions regulating safety and health in building construction works.

Measures to be taken
  1. In any construction work all necessary measures shall be taken to minimise accident risk and to prevent injury to the health of the workers.
  2. As soon as the work site is established a suitable safety and health organization shall be established and all workers shall be informed about such safety organization.
  3. The safety and health unit as referred to in (2) above shall cover preventive measures against: injury, fires, explosion, occupational disease, first aid include safety measures.
Workplace and Equipment
  1. Every workplace shall be provided with safe means of access and egress.
  2. All workplaces, stairways, corridors and passageways where persons work or must frequently pass shall be provided with sufficient lighting conforming with the provisions in force.
  3. All workplaces shall be suitably ventilated so as to render harmless dust, fumes or other injurious pollutants.
Maintenance of Cleanliness
Cleanliness and good order shall be maintained so as to ensure that loose materials, building materials, equipment and tools do not obstruct workplace or cause injuries.

Precautions to be taken with respect to falling objects
Precautions shall be taken to ensure that scaffolding materials, tools, materials and other objects are not thrown, tipped or shot down from a height where they are liable to cause injury.

Platform and Floor Opening
All platforms, the open sides of all floors, openings in floors, roofs and platforms into which persons could walk, the open sides of stairways, all excavations and holes considered dangerous shall be fenced or provided with a solid cover.

Noise and Vibration
Noise and vibrations in workplaces may not exceed the threshold limit value in force.

Unauthorized Entry
Unauthorized persons shall not be allowed to enter the workplace.

Prevention of Danger Collapse
Precautions shall be taken to prevent danger to any person through the collapse of any part of a building or structure during any temporary state of weakness or instability of the building or structure.

Suitable and safe scaffolds to be provided
Suitable and safe scaffolds shall be provided for all work which cannot be done safely by a person standing on solid or permanent construction except when such work can be done safely from ladders.

Requirements for scaffolds
  1. Scaffolds shall be provided with suitable, closely boarded or planked working platforms stable enough to carry the workers, the used equipment and materials in a safe way.
  2. Working platform which arc more than two meters high shall be fenced.
Gangways, ramps and runways
Gangways, ramps and runways shall be of sound material, good construction, adequate strength, free from patent defects and be safe for the purposes for which they are intended.

Wooden pole scaffolds
  1. Wooden pole scaffolds shall comprise a number of poles to which are fixed horizontal ledgers supporting putlogs on which are laid scaffold planks. This type of scaffolding shall be adequately braced in all directions.
  2. Only sound straight grained timber shall be used in wooden pole scaffolds.

Suspended scaffolds
  1. Suspended scaffolds shall consist of safety anchored outriggers, suspension ropes of adequate strength and suitable boarded and fenced platform.
  2. The security of suspended scaffolds shall be tested daily before use.
  3. Only steel wire ropes shall be used for suspended scaffolds with machine operated platform.
Outrigger cantilever or jib scaffolds
Outrigger cantilever or jib scaffold shall be used only by carpenters, painters, electricians and other like tradesmen who do not require their working platform to carry quantities of materials.

Other scaffolds
  1. Ladders serving as uprights of ladder scaffolds shall be adequately constructed and thoroughly stayed. Ladder scaffolds shall be used only for light work.
  2. Ladders jack scaffolds shall not be used for work carried out at a high level.
  3. Trestle scaffolds shall be used only when the work is at a low level and of short duration.
  4. Bracket scaffolds shall be securely anchored in the wall and designed to withstand the maximum load at the outer end of the platform.
  5. Square scaffolds shall be built with particular care to ensure the stability of the scaffolds.
Window jack scaffolds
Window jack scaffolds shall be used only for light work of short duration and only for working at the window opening through which the jack is placed.

Precautions against overloading
Precautions shall be taken to prevent stages for dumping railway tracks from being overloaded.

Tubular metal scaffolds
Tubular metal scaffolds shall consist of uprights, ledgers, putlogs and bracing joint by adequate fastenings. Tubing shall be protected against corrosion and other damages and be of adequate strength.

Mobile scaffolds
Mobile scaffolds shall be designed and used in such a way to ensure that the scaffold shall not overturn.

Boatswain’s chairs and similar equipment
Boatswain’s chairs and similar equipment shall be used a scaffolds only in exceptional circumstances when the work cannot safely be done by other means.

Serial basket trucks
Serial basket trucks shall be designed and used in such way to ensure the stability in any operation and to prevent the basket from accidental descent.

Ladders
  1. Ladders shall consist of two uprights and a number of rungs and securely fastened to the uprights.
  2. Ladders shall be so constructed, maintained and used in such a way to ensure the safety of the workers.
Types of ladders
  1. Portable step ladders and portable trestle ladders shall not exceed 6 meters in length and the spread between the front and back legs shall be restrained by safe means.
  2. Extension ladders and mechanical ladders shall not exceed 15 meters in length.
  3. Fixed ladders shall be made of suitable material to withstand weather and other conditions and shall not exceed 9 meters in length.
Stairs
Stairs shall be so constructed as to be able to withstand safely the loads that they will have to carry and be of such width and so designed to ensure the safe use.

Lifting appliances
Lifting appliances shall be so designed, installed, operated and maintained as to ensure the safety in any lifting operation.

Lifting appliances
Lifting appliances shall be so designed, installed, operated and maintained as to ensure the safety in any lifting operation.

Hoists
Shafts, engines, wire ropes and plat forms of all hoists shall be designed to prevent accidents by pinching, overloading, engine failure or the break of the hoisting rope.

Cranes and derricks
1)    Every crane shall be so designed, constructed and maintained after taking into full account the magnitude, incidence, conditions and manner of all loadings and forces, the proportioning of each member, component part and attachment thereof or thereto is such that the maximum stress imposed or developed therein is less than the maximum allowed stress. And t hat it is so proportioned that it functions without excessive elastic action, deflection, vibration, movement or distortion and without undue or untimely deterioration.
2)    Where any crane is not designed to lift its maximum safe working load at all attainable positions, it shall have an approved load radius indicator and such indicator shall be constantly maintained in good working order and condition.
3)    Derricks shall be designed and erected in such a way to ensure the stability in any operation.
4)    Legs of A-frames shall be of such material and set up in such a way to ensure that they will safely carry the safe maximum load.

Precautions against pinching
Precautions shall be taken to prevent persons entering upon the runway structure of traveling cranes from being injured by pinching.

Monorail hoists
Monorail hoists shall be provided with a limit switch to ensure that the upward travel of the lifting device is stopped at a safe distance from the top position.

Gin poles
Gin poles shall consist of suitable material of adequate strength and shall be adequately guyed and anchored.

Winches
All parts of winches shall be designed and constructed to withstand the stresses when the safe maximum load is lifted and without causing damage to the winding rope.

Jacks
1)      Jacks shall be so secured in position that they cannot overturn or become in any way displaced.
2)      Jacks shall be equipped with effective means of preventing over-travel.

Ropes, chains and accessories
1)    All ropes, chains and accessories used for hoisting or lowering or as a means of suspension shall be of sound material, of adequate strength and shall be tested regularly to ensure that they are strong enough to withstand the safe maximum load with a sufficient safety factor.
2)    Wire ropes shall be handled in such a way to ensure the prevention of kinks, rust, breakage of wires or other dangerous defects.

Suitable packing
Suitable packing shall be used to prevent fibre ropes coming into contact with surfaces, edges or corners wherever such contact would be capable of damaging the ropes.

Chains
1)    Chains shall be thoroughly cleaned and subjected to close, detailed examination at such intervals as are necessary or advisable to ascertain whether flaws, cracks or other defects exist.
2)    Defective chains are not to be used.

Safe maximum load
1)   The safe maximum load shall be reduced when using slings at various angles.
2)   The reduction as referred to in (1) above shall be calculated and the calculated safe maximum load shall be well known by the workers.

Pulley blocks
Pulley blocks shall be designed, constructed and maintained in such a way to ensure that the tension in the rope is minimized and that the rope will not be damaged in any other way.

Hooks and shackles
Hooks and shackles shall be equipped with effective means to ensure that the load is not accidentally slipping off.

Safety devices
1)   Machinery shall be so installed and further more equipped with safety devices as to ensure safety.
2)   The safety devices as referred to in (1) above shall not be removed when the machinery is running.

Inspections
1)    Machinery shall be stopped for inspection and service at suitable intervals in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendation.
2)    Precautions shall be taken to prevent accidental starting of the machinery at such stops.

Training of machinery operators
Machinery operators shall be well trained for their task and in particular be familiar with the safety regulations being in force at the specific machinery.

Earth moving equipment
1)    Earth moving equipment shall be maintained as to ensure the safety in any operation.
2)    Precautions shall be taken to ensure the stability of power shovels and that no unauthorized persons enter the operation area or any other area that is likely to be in any danger of falling materials.

Operator to take necessary precautions
The operator shall take all necessary precautions to ensure that a bulldozer or a scraper cannot move accidentally before leaving it.

Asphalt plants
Asphalt plants shall be so designed, constructed and equipped with such safety devices and be so operated and maintained as to ensure that no person will be injured by hot materials, surfaces or open fire and furthermore by harmful fumes or dust.

Stability of ground
1)    Precautions shall be taken to ensure that the stability of the ground is not endangered when using road rollers.
2)    The operator shall take all necessary precautions to ensure that a road roller cannot move accidentally before leaving it.

Concrete mixers
Concrete mixers shall be equipped with such safety devices and be so operated and maintained as to ensure that no person will be injured by rotating or moving parts of the mixer or from falling materials.

Loading machines
Loading machines shall be equipped with a cab of adequate strength and be so designed or equipped with such safety devices that crushing between the bucket jib and the fixed parts of the machine is adequately prevented.

Woodworking machines
Woodworking machines shall be maintained as to ensure the safety in any operation.

Circular saws
1)   Circular saws shall be equipped with devices to prevent accidental contact with the saw blade and to catch flying splinters or broken saw teeth.
2)    Precautions shall be taken to prevent the saw blade from being jammed or exposes to pressure from the side.

Band saws
The blade of band saws shall be adequately tensioned, set and sharpened and shall be enclosed except for the opening necessary for the sawing operation.

Planning machines
Planning machines shall be equipped with such devices as to minimize the exposed opening of the cutting slot and eliminate the risk from kickbacks.

Hand tools
1)    Hand tools shall be of good quality and shall be kept in good condition.
2)    Sharp tools shall be stored and transported in such a way so as not to cause any risks.
3)    The design and construction of hand tools shall be such that they are suitable for their purpose and in such a way so as to prevent accidents.
4)    Hand tools shall only be used for the specific purpose for which they were designed.

Pneumatic tools
All parts of pneumatic tools including hoses and hose connections shall be designed to safely withstand the maximum operating pressure and shall be handled with such care that will not be damaged or in any other way cause risks.

Power actuated tools
1)    Power actuated tools shall be equipped objects liberated by the firing of the tool.
2)    Only cartridges and projectiles suitable for the purpose as referred above shall be used.
3)    The operator shall be at least 18 years old and be thoroughly trained in the use of the tool.
4)    Power actuated tools and cartridges shall be transported and stored in such a way to prevent accident.

Tractors and motor trucks
1)    Tractors and motor trucks shall be maintained as to ensure that they will withstand the heaviest stresses to which they will be subjected and maintain the steering and braking ability at any circumstances.
2)    Only well trained drivers shall be allowed to drive tractors and motor trucks.

Lift trucks
Lift trucks shall be so operated as to ensure the stability of the truck in any part of the operation.

Prohibition to enter Underground construction
The workers shall not be allowed to enter any underground construction unless, it is thoroughly inspected and ground free from risks of falling materials, explosions, harmful fumes, dusts, gases or radiation.

Working in shafts
1)    When working in shafts adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent accidents from fall of persons or materials.
2)    Shafts shall be adequately lit and equipped with safe means of egress so designed and constructed as to ensure that the shaft can be evacuated in any emergency.

Cave-ins
Whenever there are any risks of caverns of falling rock, the roof and sides of underground constructions shall be adequately supported.

Prevention of fires
1)     Precautions shall be taken to prevent and limit fires in underground constructions.
2)     For such purpose as referred to in (1) above, suitable fire fighting equipment shall be provided.

Adequate lighting
1)    Adequate lighting shall be provided at all places where workers work or pass regularly in accordance with the regulations in force.
2)    Such emergency lighting shall be provided at places as referred in (1) above, in order that the workers can safely be evacuated in case of emergency.

Drillers to be protected
  1. Drillers shall be protected against falling materials and precautions shall be taken to minimize   harmful effects from dusts, fumes, gases, noises and vibrations.
  2. Workers shall not be allowed to enter any area where harmful airborne dust have not been diluted to a harmless level or removed unless they use respirators.
Excavation work

1)    Every part of an excavation work shall be performed in such a way as to ensure that there will be no danger to any person from a fall or dislodgement of earth, rock or other materials forming the side of or adjacent to any excavation work.
2)    Sides and walls of excavations shall be prevented from caving by support or other effective means to ensure the safety of persons working in pits or trenches.
3)    Precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety of men working in wells.

Pile drivers

1)    Pile drivers shall be so installed and maintained as to ensure the safety in any operation.
2)    Pile drivers and the used equipment shall be thoroughly inspected at suitable intervals and shall not be used unless they have been found safe.

Prohibition of workers to enter work area
No workers who are not involved in the operations of the pile driver shall be allowed to stay in the vicinity of the pile driver during any part of the operation.

Floating pile drivers
Floating pile drivers shall be equipped with a safety device and operated in such a way as to ensure the stability and that it will not sink.

Sheet piling
Precautions shall be taken to prevent sheet piling from uncontrolled moving due to winds, currents or other sources.

Concrete constructions
Concrete constructions shall be thoroughly calculated and the erection thoroughly planned to ensure that the construction and its supports can safely carry all tools and other forces during any part of the erection.

Precautions to be taken
1)    All practicable precautions shall be taken to prevent workers from being injured during preparation and erection by concrete construction.
2)    In particular:

  • workers shall be protected from skin contact with cement and lime;
  • objects and materials shall be prevented from falling from concrete buckets;
  • pipes, including couplings and their supports shall be of adequate strength when concrete is pumped;
  • setting concrete shall be protected against chemicals or shocks that might decrease the final strength;
  • panels and slabs shall be moved into position with great care;
  • workers shall be protected against lashing when stressed and tensioned elements arc being stressed or tensioned and when they are lifted or transported;
  • workers shall be protected from vibrations when operating vibrators.

Projecting reinforced rods
Ends of projecting reinforced rods shall be bent over or protected by other effective means.

Concrete bucket towers
Concrete bucket towers shall be so erected and guyed as to ensure the stability of the tower.

Concrete forms
Concrete forms shall be thoroughly constructed to ensure that the suffering and its supports can safely carry all loads and other forces until the concrete is properly set.

Prefabricated part
Prefabricated part shall be so designed and made to ensure that they can be safely transported and erected.

Structural steel parts
1)    As far as practicable structural steel parts shall be assembled before they are erected.
2)    Precautions shall be taken to prevent workers from being injured from falling objects or from falling down during the erection of structural steel construction.

Shafts
Shafts shall be closely planked above the working level, or other suitable means shall be provided to protect the workers against falling objects.

Erection of roof trussers
The erection of roof trussers shall be done from a safe working platform or the workers shall be protected by other effective means.

Temporary floors
Temporary floors of adequate strength shall be provided whenever workers are likely to fall through the construction.

Heating equipment
Heating equipment used for heating bituminous materials shall be so designed, constructed and operated as to ensure the prevention of fire and that no workers will be overflowed with heating materials.

Wood preservatives
1)    Workers shall be protected against skin contact and any other dangerous contact with wood preservatives.
2)    Impregnated wood shall not be burned in the construction site.

Flammable materials
When flammable materials are used for laying floors, facing walls or other operations, precautions shall be taken to prevent open fire, sparks and other sources that can ignite fumes when brought into the working area or its vicinity.

Asbestos
1)    Asbestos shall be used only when the other less dangerous materials are not available.
2)    When asbestos is used, precautions shall be taken to prevent workers from inhaling asbestos fibres.

Protection against falling from height
Workers employed on roofs shall be provided with safe means of protection so as to ensure that they do not fall off the roof or through any fragile part of the roof.

Paints, varnishes and lacquers
1)    As far as practicable no paints, varnishes and lacquers containing dangerous pigments, dyestuffs or solvents shall be used.
2)    Precautions shall be taken to prevent painters from inhaling harmful fumes, gases, smoke and dust.
3)    If any painting materials containing substances that can penetrate into the painter through the skin, he shall use adequate protection.

Welding and flame cutting
  1. Adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent the ignition of fires during welding and flame cutting.
  2. The welder and other workers in the vicinity shall be protected against chips, sparks, dangerous fumes and radiation.
  3. The welding and flame cutting equipment shall be so operated as to ensure the safety and health of the welders and other workers in the vicinity.

Blasting operations
All practicable precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety in blasting operations.In particular:
  • Blasting, as far as practicable, shall be done only when as few persons as possible are situated in the vicinity and when weather and other conditions are favorable;
  • boreholes shall be drilled and loaded with great care to ensure the avoidance of misfiring orn accidental firing during loading;
  • shots shall be fired without delay after loading and in such a way to prevent misfiring or partlyexploded shots;
  • fuses shall be of good quality and so applicated as to ensure safe firing;
  • precautions shall be taken to prevent accidental firing when firing with electricity
  • workers shall not be allowed to enter the firing area after firing unless it has been inspected and found safe.
Stone dressers to be protected
Precautions shall be taken to prevent stone dressers from inhaling siliceous dust.

Plan for demolition works
  1. Before demolition operations begin, a plan for the carrying through of the operations shall be established.
  2. As far as practicable all electricity, gas, water and steam service lines shall be shut off.
Removal of objects
  1. All glazed parts, loose objects and projecting parts shall be removed at the start of the demolition work.
  2. Demolition operations shall be executed storey by storey commencing at the roof and working downward.
  3. All practicable precautions shall be taken to avoid danger from collapse of the structure.
Mechanical demolition equipment
  1. Mechanical demolition equipment shall be so designed, constructed and operated as to ensure the safety of the operator.
  2. Adequate safety zones where no workers are allowed shall be established when mechanical demolition equipment is being used.
Protection against falling objects
Adequate safety zones where no workers are allowed shall be established when mechanical demolition equipment is being used.

Protection against flying objects
  1.  Walls shall not be pushed down unless the floor can safely carry the forces.
  2. The workers shall be protected against dust and flying fragments.
Barricading
  1. When workers are removing floors, planks of adequate strength shall be provided which are independently supported.
  2. No workers shall be allowed to work in the area directly underneath and such areas shall be fenced off.
Demolition of structural steel work
Structural steel work shall be demolished tier by tier in such a way to ensure that the stability of any part of the construction is not endangered when it is released.

Demolition of tall chimneys
Precautions shall be taken so as to ensure that no workers or any other persons are being struck by materials or falling objects from heights such as when tall chimneys are being demolished.

Safety devices and protection equipment
  1. Safety devices and protection equipment which conform with the nature of the work performed by the workers shall be provided in sufficient quantity.
  2. The equipment as referred to in (1) above shall comply with the requirements of safety and health.
  3. The equipment as referred to in (1) above shall be used according to its function by any worker or other person entering the workplace.
  4. Any worker or other person entering the workplace is obliged to use the equipment as referred to in (1) above.

Transitional provision Any construction work which is being designed or executed shall be made in conformity with the provision of this Ministerial Decision.

Terms used
The terms "adequate", "good", "safe", "special", ''as far as'', "in such a way", used in this Ministerial Regulation shall be in conformity with the legislative regulations in force or determined by the Director or official appointed.

Observance of provisions in Regulation
The manager is obliged to observe all provisions of this regulation.

Penalties 
Offences punishable under this regulation shall be regarded as minor offenses.
The Minister of Manpower and Transmigration may request the Minister responsible for the field of building construction to inflict administrative punishment upon any

Safety inspector to supervise
The safety inspector as meant in Act No.1 of 1970 on Occupational Safety Law shall supervise the observance of the implementation of this regulation.

Matters not provided
  1. Matters not yet provided shall be further prescribed.
  2. Matters requiring implementing regulations shall be further determined by the Director.
Act in force
This Ministerial Regulation shall come into force on the day of its determination.